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THE  ROOTS

 

The Qing dynasty closed China to maritime trade in 1757, just at the moment when European nations were expanding their international commerce. Guangzhou (Canton) was the only legal port for trade between China and the outside world until 1843. This southeastern region, which includes modern Guangdong province, was commonly referred to as Lingnan, and produced some of the most important political thinkers of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, including Kang Youwei and Liang Qichao, who advocated replacing the imperial system with a constitutional monarchy, and Sun Yat-sen, who established China's first republic in 1911.
 
 The development of a Cantonese manner of painting began in the nineteenth century, but did not attain national visibility and a distinctive style until the first part of the twentieth century. The leader of the Lingnan School of painting was Gao Jianfu (1879-1950?), who joined the Alliance Society (Tongmeng hui), founded by Sun Yat-sen in 1905 to overthrow the emperor. After 1911 he devoted himself instead to a revolution in art. In his painting, publications, and teaching, he promoted the development of a New National Painting (xin guohua). He and his followers, most notably his younger brother GAO Qifeng, combined the local style with elements of Western and Japanese realist painting to create an art that they hoped would be more accessible to the citizenry of China's new republic than the literati painting of the past.

 

The Roots and Branches of the Lingnan school of Painting

 

Song guangbao and meng jinyi
  ( Center China bird and flower painters brought to Canton in retinue of  imperial government official,  first half of 19th century

        

JU LIAN    JU CHAO  
 ( 1827 - 1904 )
 ( Innovative professional flower painter and teacher of these artists around 1900 )

          

    GAO JIAN-FU   1987-1951              GAO QI-FENG   1889-1935              CHEN SHU-REN 1883-1949

          

The three founders of the Lingnan School Study in Japan, 1906-1911, and participate in Republican Revolution of 1911.

          

Disciples at Spring Slumber Studio
    in Canton, 1924-1937

Disciples at Heavenly Breeze Pavilion in Canton, 1929-1935

one direct Follower

Low Chun-Jo

                        

       In China

Hong Kong, Taiwan & Overseas

 

In China Hong Kong & Overseas
 GUAN SHAN-YUE

LI XIONG-CAI

FANG REN-DING

SU WON-ONG

LI FU-HONG

VENXIAO YUM

SITU QI

YANG SHAN-HEN

 

HUANG SHAO-QIANG

CHAO SHAO-ANG

HANG HUAN-WU

BAO SHO-YOU

ZHANG KUN-YI

ZHOU YI-FENG

HO QI-YUAN

YEH SHAO PIN

                            

                                                    The Lingnan School of painting

 

 

 

               

 

 
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